Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a viral infection that affects the central nervous system. It’s transmitted through the bite of infected ticks, primarily in wooded or grassy areas in parts of Europe and Asia. The symptoms can range from mild flu-like symptoms to severe neurological complications such as inflammation of the brain (encephalitis) or the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord (meningitis).

Prevention mainly involves avoiding tick bites by wearing protective clothing, using insect repellents, and avoiding areas where ticks are common. Vaccination is also available in some regions where TBE is prevalent and is recommended for those who live in or travel to affected areas. Treatment usually involves supportive care, such as managing symptoms and providing rest, as there’s no specific antiviral medication for TBE.