- Yellow Fever is a potentially life threatening disease transmitted by mosquitoes and there is no cure.
- Yellow Fever is endemic in the Amazon basin in South America and in Sub-Saharan Africa.
- You may require an official certification of Yellow Fever vaccination if your itinerary includes parts of South America or Africa.
- Without proof of Yellow Fever vaccination, you could be prevented from entering your destination country.
- The Yellow Fever vaccine is only available from a certified Yellow Fever Vaccination provider.
- In 2015, the World Health Organization eliminated the requirement for a Yellow Fever booster every 10 years. The vaccine is now designated as "good for life" no matter when it was administered.
Hepatitis A *
- The Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) is usually transmitted by contaminated food or water.
- Hepatitis A is the most common vaccine preventable disease of travelers (behind influenza) and endemic throughout much of the world.
- According to the CDC, international travel is considered the number one risk factor for HAV infection in the United States.
Hepatitis B *
- Hepatitis B is a disease caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV).
- You could be at risk of acquiring Hepatitis B if you require medical or emergency care in many countries overseas.
Hepatitis A/B combination (Twinrix®) *
- Combines both Hepatitis A and B in one shot and can be given on an accelerated schedule if you don’t have a lot of time before you travel.
- Typhoid fever is a potentially severe and occasionally life-threatening febrile disease acquired by consuming contaminated food or water.
- Typhoid is especially prevalent in the Indian subcontinent and is also a risk throughout Asia, Africa and regions of South and Central America.
- An injectable typhoid vaccine provides immunity for 2 years before requiring a booster.
Typhoid (live oral)
- Another effective form of the typhoid vaccine that provides up to 5 years of protection.
Japanese Encephalitis *
- Japanes Encephalitis is caused by a virus that is transmitted by mosquitoes and attacks the central nervous system.
- You may be at risk for this potentially deadly disease if you plan to spend an extended period of time in endemic areas in Asia.
- The Japanese Encephalitis vaccine provides effective immunity with a series of 2 shots.
- Found on all continents (except Antarctica), Rabies is 100% fatal if untreated and can be transmitted by the bite or scratch of any mammal, often bats or dogs.
- Being vaccinated prior to potential exposure (called prophylaxis) markedly improves the chance of survival and simplifies post exposure treatment.
- Recent international guidelines indicate that full immunity is obtained with 2 doses of Rabies vaccine.
- Anyone who routinely handles mammals, including veterinarians and wildlife rescue workers, should be vaccinated against rabies.
Tdap (Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis)
- Current guidelines recommend getting a Tdap vaccine if you haven’t had a tetanus booster in the last 5 to 10 years.
- Pertussis (or whooping cough) outbreaks are becoming more common, even here in the United States, as more people fall behind on their routine immunizations.
MMR (Mumps, Measles, Rubella)
- Measles is highly contagious and there are frequent and ongoing outbreaks throughout the world.
- Influenza is still the most common vaccine preventable illness in travelers.
- The CDC recommends that everyone 6 months and older get a flu vaccine every year.
- Flu season varies from the Northern to Southern hemispheres and can be year-round in countries close to the equator.
- A polio booster may be recommended for travel to some countries in Africa, South Asia and the Middle East where wild polio virus still exists.
- Meningitis is a rapidly progressing and life threatening bacterial infection that attacks the brain and nervous system.
- Meningitis outbreaks can occur where people live in close proximity, such as college dormitories.
- Meningitis vaccine may be recommended for travel to the "meningitis belt' in Sub-Saharan Africa, where the disease is endemic.
- Meningitis vaccine is required for all pilgrims to the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.
Tick-borne Encephalitis *